Diversity, Equality and Inclusion

Diversity, Equality and Inclusion

 (April-June 2014, Tuesday 7:00-9:00 am)


Moderator: Mukta S Lama, PhD


Diversity connects the humanity to its universal and forms the foundation of civilization. Diversity always existed in human society and has been the source of creativity. The history of human diversity, however, has also been history of human suffering; of conquest, violence, assimilation, intolerance and of exclusion. On the other side, equality and inclusion of diverse cultures, ethnicities, religions, languages and values are ideals that all societies aspire. This is also a challenge of contemporary social and political landscape. This seminar aims to examine the different ways the human diversity, equality and inclusion has been theorized and responded to varying forms to attain equality and inclusive society.


Through the reading of selected texts from across the disciplines, we will explore meaning and significance of forms of diversity in relation to the contemporary issues. The seminar will touch upon the theme of recognition, nationalism, multiculturalism, globalization and constitutionalism among others. We ask how best we can understand and approach diversity and critically reflect upon our own assumptions with regard to cultural differences.


Format of Seminar

the seminar involves one and half hours of discussion based on readings each week for eight weeks. Each participant is required to read the text and participate in the seminar. The role of moderator is to introduce the text and facilitate the discussion. Each participant is expected to write short paper at the end of reading seminar.




Week 1: Linguistic, cultural and biological diversity

UNESCO Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity

Maffi, Luisa, 2005, Linguistic, cultural and biological diversity. Annual Review of Anthropology, 29:599–617


Week 2: Human universality and difference

Turner, Terrence, 2007, Human Rights, Human Difference: Anthropology’s Contribution to an Emancipatory Cultural Politics. Journal of Anthropological Research, 53(3): 273-291

Taylor, Charles, “The Politics of Recognition,” in Amy Gutmann (ed.) Multiculturalism and the Politics of Recognition, and in Taylor, Philosophical Arguments. Pp. 25-73


Week 3: Equality and inequality

Sen, Amartya, (1980) Equality of What?. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Patrick Heller & Peter Evans (2010), Taking Tilly south: durable inequalities, democratic contestation, and citizenship in the Southern Metropolis, Theory and Society, 39:433–450


Week 4: Hierarchy or equality of difference?

Declan Quigley, Is a Theory of Caste Still Possible? Social Evolution & History, Vol. 1 No. 1, July 2002 140–170

Baumann, Gerd. "Grammars of Identity/Alterity." In Gerd Baumann and Andre Gingrich, eds., Grammars of Identity/Alterity: A structural approach. Oxford/New York: Berghahn, 2004, pp. 18-52.


Week 5: Social Inclusion

Hilary, Silver. 2007. The process of social exclusion: the dynamics of an evolving concept. Department of Sociology, Brown University.

Room, G.J. (1999). Social exclusion, solidarity and the challenge of globalization, International Journal of Social Welfare 8: 166–174


Week 6: Non-discrimination, equality and inclusion

Collins, Hugh (2003), Discrimination, Equality and Social Inclusion. The Modern Law Review, Vol. 66 (1):16-43

Glenn C Loury (2003), Racial stigma: Toward a new paradigm for discrimination theory, The American Economic Review; May 2003; 93, 2334-337


Week 7: Recognition and justice

Nancy Frazer, 2007. "Re-framing justice in a globalizing world" in (Mis)recognition, Social Inequality and Social Justice: Nancy Fraser and Pierre Bourdieu ed. Terry Lovell. London: Routledge. Pp.18-35

Frank De Zwart, 2005. The dilemma of recognition: Administrative categories and cultural diversity. Theory and Society, 34: 137–169


Week 8: Constitutionalism and diversity

Tully, James, 1995. Strange multiplicity : constitutionalism in an age of diversity. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press.(Chapter 2, Diversity and contemporary constitutionalism, Pp. 30-57).

TK Oomen (2012). Ethno-nationalism and Building National States in South Asia: Towards Federalisation. In Ethnicity and Federalisation in Nepal. Eds. Chitanya Mishra and Om Gurung. Kathmandu: Central Department of Sociology/Anthropology, Tribhuvan University. Pp. 6-16.